North American bumblebees

There are 46 species of bumblebee in the Americas north of Mexico (see below).

The bumblebee body can be divided into three main parts to make identification easy. These are:

  • The head, which can be quite difficult to see on a foraging bee as it is deep in the flower
  • The thorax which has the wings and legs attached. It is really just a box of muscles. The biggest being the flight muscles
  • The abdomen which has the honey stomach for storing nectar, the sting, the wax glands and all the digestive and reproductive organs.
 
Bombus fraternus
Bombus fraternus
Range: New Jersey down to Florida, North and South Dakota, Nebraska, Colorado and New Mexico.
Bombus crotchii
Bombus crotchiiBombus crotchii
Range: California and Mexico
Bombus nevadaensis auricomus
Bombus nevadensis auricomus
Note: sometimes just called Bombus auricomus.
Range
: Ontario to Florida, west to Texas, Oklahoma, West Virginia, Colorado, Wyoming, Montana, Saskatchewan, Alberta, British Columbia.
Bombus nevadensis nevadensis
Range: Alaska to California, Arizona, New Mexico east to Wisconsin, Mexico.
Bombus morrisoni
Bombus morrisoni
Range: British Columbia to California, east to South Dakota, Nebraska, Colorado, New Mexico.
Bombus pennsylvanicus pennsylvanicus
Bombus pennsylvanicus pennsylvanicus
Range: Quebec, Ontario, Maryland south to Florida, west to Minnesota, S. Dakota, Nebraska, Colorado, New Mexico, Mexico.
Bombus pennsylvanicus sonorus
Bombus pennsylvanicus sonorus
Note: sometimes known as Bombus sonorus
Range: Texas, west to California, Mexico
Bombus grisecollis
Bombus grisecollis
Range: Quebec, Kentucky, Maryland, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Virginia, West Virginia, south to Florida, west to British Columbia, Washington, Oregon, northern California
Bombus perplexus
Bombus perplexus
Range: Alaska to Maine, Maryland, New York, Pennsylvania, south to Wisconsin, Illinois, West Virginia, Florida, Alberta
Bombus bimaculatus
Bombus bimaculatus
Range: Ontario, Maryland, New York, Pennsylvania, Maine, South Carolina, Virginia, West Virginia, south to Florida, west to Illinois, Kansas, Oklahoma, Mississippi, Kentucky.
Note: a common species.
Bombus impatiens
Bombus impatiens
Range: Ontario, Maine, Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Virginia, West Virginia, south to Florida, west to Michigan, Illinois, Kansas, Missouri, Wyoming.
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Bombus affinis
Bombus affinus
Range: Quebec, Ontario south to Georgia, west to South Dakota and North Dakota.
Note: Also known as the rusty-patched bumblebee. Once common, but its range has declined sharply since 1990, now found in only a few areas. Often has a bald patch between the wings in the middle of the thorax.
Bombus vagans vagans
Bombus vagans vagans
Range: British Columbia east to Nova Scotia, Maryland, New York, Pennsylvania south to Georgia, West Virginia, Tennessee, South Dakota, Montana, Idaho, Washington.
Bombus sandersoni
Bombus sandersoniBombus sandersoni
Range: Ontario to Newfoundland, south to Tennessee Virginia, West Virginia and North Carolina
Bombus frigidus
Bombus frigidus
Range: Alaska and Northwest territories, south to Colorado (high elevations only).
Bombus lucorum queen {Bombus lucorum}
Range: Alaska south to Southern British Columbia and Alberta, east through Yukon and North Western Territories.
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Bombus lucorum worker Bombus lucorum worker
Bombus lucorum male
Bombus lucorum male
Bombus ternarius
Bombus ternarius
Range: Yukon east to Nova Scotia, New York, Pennsylvania south to Georgia, Michigan, Kansas, Montana, British Columbia.
Bombus terricola terricola Bombus terricola terricola
Range:
Nova Scotia to Florida, West to British Columbia, Montana, South Dakota.
Note: Also known as the yellow-banded bumblebee. Once common, but its range has declined dramatically since 1990.

Bombus terricola occidentalis Bombus terricola occidentalis, Bombus occidentalis
Range: Alaska south to northern California, Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico, South Dakota.
Note: also known as Bombus occidentalis. Often forages from red flowers, and nectar robs hummingbird pollinated flowers. Populations have decreased since 1990.
Bombus vandykei
Bombus vandykei
Range: Washington to southern California
Bombus vosnesenskii
Bombus vosnesneskii
Range: British Columbia south to California, Nevada, Mexico
Bombus californicus
Bombus californicus
Range: British Columbia, Alberta south to California, Arizona, New Mexico, Mexico
Bombus rufocinctus
Bombus rufocinctus
Range
: Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Quebec, west to British Columbia, south to California, Arizona, Wyoming, New Mexico, Kansas, Minnesota, Illinois, Michigan, New York, Vermont, Maine, Mexico.

Bombus rufocinctus
Bombus rufocinctus
Range: Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Quebec, west to British Columbia, south to California, Arizona, New Mexico, Kansas, Minnesota, Illinois, Michigan, New York, Vermont, Maine, Mexico.
Bombus rufocinctus
Bombus rufocinctus
Range: Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Quebec, west to British Columbia, south to California, Arizona, New Mexico, Kansas, Minnesota, Illinois, Michigan, New York, Vermont, Maine, Mexico.
Bombus caliginosus
Bombus caliginosus
Range: Washington, Oregon, and coastal areas in California
Bombus bifarius nearticus
Bombus bifarius nearticus
Range: Alaska to Yukon south to California and Utah.
Bombus bifarius bifarius
Bombus bifarius bifarius
Range: British Columbia, Oregon, California, Idaho, Utah, Colorado.
Bombus balteatus
Bombus balteatus
Range: Arctic Alaska and Canada, Sierra Nevada and White Mountains, Truchas Peak in New Mexico.
Bombus hyperboreus
Bombus hyperboreus
Range: Arctic Alaska, Yukon, Northwest Territories, Greenland.
Bombus polaris polaris
Bombus polaris polaris
Range: Arctic Alaska, Canada, Greenland and Arctic Eurasia.
Bombus edwardsii
Bombus edwardsii
Range: Oregon, California, Nevada
Bombus melanopygus
Bombus melanopygus
Range: Alaska south to California, Idaho, Colorado
Bombus borealis
Bombus borealis
Range: Southern Canada from Nova Scotia to Alberta, Northern USA from Maine to New Jersey west to North Dakota and South Dakota.
Bombus fervidus fervidus
Bombus fervidus fervidus
Range: Quebec and New Brunswick, Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia, south to Georgia, west to British Columbia, Washington, Oregon, California and Mexico.
Bombus appositus
Bombus appositus
Range: British Columbia east to Saskatchewan, south to New Mexico, Wyoming, Arizona and California.
Bombus sylvicola
Bombus sylvicola
Range: Alaska east to Newfoundland, south through the mountains (Cascades, Sierra Nevada, Rockies), California, Utah, New Mexico.
Bombus huntii
Bombus huntii
Range: British Columbia, Alberta south to California, Nevada, Utah, New Mexico.
Bombus flavifrons dimidiatus
Bombus flavifrons dimidiatusBombus flavifrons dimidiatus
Range: Southern British Columbia to California.
Bombus flavifrons flavifrons
Bombus flavifrons flavifrons
Range: Alaska south to California, Idaho, Utah
Bombus sitkensis
Bombus sitkensis
Range: Alaska south to California, Idaho, Montana, Wyoming
Bombus centralis
Bombus centralis
Range: British Columbia, Alberta south to California, Arizona, New Mexico
Bombus mixtus
Bombus mixtus
Range: Alaska south to California, Idaho, Colorado, Wyoming.
 
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