Ringlet, Aphantopus hyperantus
The Ringlet is common in western, central and northern Europe, and east as far as Asia. It is found in damp meadows, along paths and woodland edges. There is usually one generation a year.
Eggs are scattered in grasses in July and August, and hatch in 2 or 3 weeks.
The caterpillar is fawn coloured with black spots, a brown head and a pale stripe down each side. It feeds at night on grasses and hides at the base of grasses during the day. It hibernates through the winter, although it will feed during mild spells. It continues to feed the following spring. Body length is up to 21 mm long.
Pupation takes place in the ground near the foodplants in June, and adults emerge around 2 weeks later.
Adult wingspan is 40 - 48 mm, the females are larger than the males with more distinct eye spots on the underside of the wing. The characteristic ringed spots appear on both upper and undersides of both wings, and the underside is paler brown so the spots are more conspicuous. The spots vary in size, especially the yellow ring.