(Odonata: Aeshnidae), a dragonfly at 98 km/h
Hybomitra hinei wrighti
(Diptera: Tabanidae), a fly at 145 km/h
|Fastest wing beat
(Diptera:Ceratopogonidae), a midge, species not known can beat its wings 1046
times per second.
Cicindela hudsoni, an
Australian tiger beetle can run at 2.5 metres per second.
|Least specific vertebrate
(Diptera: Glossinidae), tsetse fly. It can feed on any vertebrate.
Pharnacia serratipes, a
stick insect, at 55.5 cm (22 in).
echmepterygis (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae), a parasitic wasp. The length of the
male is 139 µm.
the desert locust. In 1954 a swarm covering 200 km sq invaded Kenya. The swarm
was estimated to contain 10 billion individuals.
Xylocopa auripennis, a
lays eggs 16.5 mm long and 3.0 mm in diameter.
(Hymenoptera: Formicidae), a Saharan ant which can forage at body temperature
above 50oC and surface temperature of up to
vanderplanki (Diptera), an African chironomid (midge) can survive submersion
in liquid helium at -270oC.
(Hymenoptera), the honey bee. The drone (male) dies after mating once. The
queen bee files off with his phallus still in her vagina. The phallus having
broken off after sperm exits explosively. The queen eventually ejects the
phallus and goes on to mate again.
(Lepidoptera: Danaidae), the monarch butterfly. Some migrate more than 4000 km
from Southern Canada to Central Mexico. It now looks likely that the longest migration is by dragonflies who make a 14 000 - 18 000 km round trip from India to southern Africa stopping off at the Maldives and the Seychelles.
|Longest adult life
Lasius niger, ant queen
survived 28.75 years in captivity.
Pogonomyrmex owyheei, ant queen,
30 estimated in the wild.
|Longest life cycle
larva, a wood boring beetle, emerged after 51 years
(Ephemeroptera), a mayfly, lives for less than five minutes after her final
molt. During the five minutes she chooses a mate, mates, and lays her eggs.
prunifolia, an aphid, has the shortest generation time of 4.7 days at
|Most polyandrous (female with
highest number of mates)
(Hymenoptera:Apidae) a queen bee mated 53 times, each with a different male.
Chrysochus cobaltinus (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), a blue milkweed
butterfly female, had up to 60 matings, though some of these were multiple
matings with the same male.
(Homoptera: Cicadidae), a cicada, produces a calling song with a mean sound
pressure level of 106.7 decibels at a distance of 50 cm.
|Best "new" man
orbicollis, a burying beetle, participates in all activities, remains with
the brood throughout development, and can take over all parenting
responsibilities if the female disappears.
|Many of the above insect records,
taken from Walker,
T.J., ed. 2001. University of Florida Book of Insect Records,
Termes panamensis, (a termite) has the fastest muscles in the world. It needed film shot at 40,000 frames per second to calculate the speed at which T. panamensis snaps its jaws shut, and the result is 70.4 m s-1. Its jaw muscles are so big that they fill half the space inside its head, and they are triggered by seeing an intruder's face inside the nest.
|Longest sexual intercourse
In many stick insect species males are never or hardly ever seen, however in other species the males can maintain intercourse for months at a time.
|Keenest sense of smell
Antheraea polyphemus, the Wild silk moth. Males can detect a single molecule released by a female ready to mate.
Xylotrupes gideon, rhinoceros beetle, elephant beetle can lift 850 times its own body weight.
|Longest tongue length to body length
Xanthopan morgani subspecies praedicta is the record holder so far, but there is probably a moth with a longer tongue out there.